Today, Teddy Roosevelt is known as a trust-buster…but he used to have a reputation as a politician on the take. We explore accusations of corruption in the 1904 presidential election, and how it lead to some of the first efforts for campaign finance reform over a century ago, on our latest episode.
Liebig’s Beef Extract “Edible Funghi” German issue, 1900
OCD Approved Fall Out Shelters; Family Radiation Survival Sets and the Lafayette “Mighty” 9-Transistor Portable Radio (Instruction manual included), c. 1961.
I think I would rather take my chance with the bombs than be locked in a shed with 16 other people. That goes double if the male/female ratio is really 11:5.
Also, I don’t see a bathroom.
The Russian Cosmonaut Gun,
Starting in 1986 Russian Cosmonauts began to carry a special gun into space. These guns were not meant to fight off space aliens and any other kind of intergalactic threat, but were meant as an emergency survival weapon. Often Russian missions involved landing in remote areas of Siberia. Pickup and recovery could take a while, especially if they happened to be off course. In addition if they had to abandon a space ship or station and their escape pod may land in the middle of the wilderness on some far off continent. Thus they were issued a special survival guns to fend off predators or hunt for food.
The TP-82 was a simple three barreled break open firearm that sported two calibers. The upper two barrels were smoothbore and chambered for a special 12.5x70mm (40 gauge) shot shell ideal for hunting small game. The bottom third barrel was rifled and chambered for 5.45x39mm rifle cartridge which was good for small game but also could be used for larger animals in a pinch. Included with the gun was a detachable buttstock which also doubled as a sheathed machete.
The TP-82 was issued to Soviet and Russian Cosmonauts from 1982 up to 2006. In 2007 the Russian Space Agency’s store of the rare 12.5x70mm shotshell ammunition expired in terms of shelf life. Since then Russian Cosmonauts are issued regular semi automatic pistols with their emergency gear.
How this has not been the plot of a movie yet is beyond me.
The Burning of Washington
Two hundred years ago on August 24 and 25, 1814, British troops occupied Washington, DC and burned the Capitol, the President’s house, and other public buildings during the War of 1812.
Chronologically, the first wave began with three initial complaints at the very end of February 1692, all involving residents of Salem Village. the number of accusations slowly increased, adding only four more victims throughout the month of March, making a total of seven accusation for the one-month period beginning a the end of February. But the outbreak escalated in April, with twenty-three new cases, and in May, with an additional thirty-nine charges. By the end of May, sixty-nine accused witches had been named and, likely, examined and jailed for further legal consideration.
Find out more in “The Long and Short of Salem Witchcraft” from the Journal of Social History.
Image: ”Witch Hill” or “The Salem Martyr” by Thomas Slatterwhite Noble, 1869. Collection of the New York Historical Society. CC-BY-3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.
A Pythagorean cup looks like a normal drinking cup, except that the bowl has a central column in it. It was supposedly invented by Pythagoras of Samos (yes, that one). It allows the user to fill the cup with wine up to a certain level. If the user fills only to that level, the imbiber may enjoy a drink in peace. If, however, the user gets greedy, the cup dumps all the wine into the unfortunate victim’s lap.
Pythagoras sounds like a real asshole.
Are we in the midst of a sixth mass extinction?
Source - NYT graphics editor Bill Marsh
Welcome to the Anthropocene, folks.
Nat Turner’s Rebellion
Enslaved people rose up against slaveholders in Southampton County, Virginia, on August 21, 1831. Led by Nat Turner, rebels moved from plantation to plantation, murdering roughly 55 whites and rallying enslaved people to their cause. They planned to move on to Jerusalem, Virginia, seize supplies, and then make a permanent home in the Great Dismal Swamp. By August 23, the rebels had been defeated. More than 200 black men and women, both enslaved and free, were executed. Nat Turner’s Rebellion alarmed Americans and inflamed the debate over the future of slavery.
Nat Turner’s Bible