Take your Child to Work Day
One of the spinners in Whitnel Cotton Mill. She was 51 inches high. Has been in the mill one year. Sometimes works at night. Runs 4 sides - 48 [cents] a day. When asked how old she was, she hesitated, then said, “I don’t remember,” then confidentially, “I’m not old enough to work, but do just the same.” Out of 50 employees, ten children about her size. Whitnel, N.C., 12/22/1908
Taken by investigative photographer Lewis Hine, this photograph is one of a series of black-and-white prints given to the Children’s Bureau by the National Child Labor Committee. The almost five hundred photographs represent a fraction of the approximately 5,000 photographs Hine took for the committee to document working and living conditions for children.
(A sobering reminder that bringing children to work was not always a purely educational experience or a special occasion.)
We’ll be observing Take Your Child to Work Day at the National Archives on the week of May 5, to coincide with Public Service Recognition Week. Stay tuned!
The National Archives stole my joke.
Lydia Litvyak. One of two Russian pilots who were the world’s only female fighting aces during World War II.
"Our World in Review:" Through the Camera Eye
America’s Hall of Fame: Presidents of the United States
This scholastic series of short films produced by Pathe News was evidently in multiple parts, but the only one I can find in the National Archives is Reel III, McKinley through Roosevelt.
I’m separating this into two posts: today is William Mckinley through Woodrow Wilson, and tomorrow is Calvin Coolidge through Franklin Roosevelt (who was President at the time this film was created,
edit: D’oh! Thanks, publiusx. Not sure exactly when this video was created, but probably 1934-ish?
“Aerial view showing oil-streaked waters and the dry docks at U.S. Naval Base Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, following the Japanese attack, seen on December 10, 1941.”
The “Solid South" could reliably be counted on to vote Democratic - that is, in the interests of white men, from the end of the post-Civil War period until about 1948, when the Democratic Party began its gradual shift toward progressive causes and, in particular, support for the civil rights of African-Americans. In 1960, not even John Kennedy’s selection of Texan Lyndon Johnson as Vice President could save Virginia, Tennessee, and Florida from falling into the GOP’s hands.
By President Johnson’s election bid in 1964, he had already signed the controversial Civil Rights Act (“I think we just delivered the South to the Republican Party for a long time to come,” Johnson said), and, in November, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina would for the first time in decades vote Republican.
This shift, of course, did not go unnoticed by the GOP, who would at times appeal to racist tendencies of some southern strongholds to help elect Republican candidates.
April 21, 1989: Tiananmen Square Protests Begin
On this day in 1989, students began protesting in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, the symbolic central space of China. Several weeks later, when the government sent in the army to end the demonstrations, the citizens of Beijing poured into the streets in support of the students.
The demonstrations ended in a massacre on the night of June 3-4, when the government sent the troops into the city with orders to clear Tiananmen Square. One day later, a single, unarmed young man stood his ground before a column of tanks on the Avenue of Eternal Peace. Captured on film and video by Western journalists, this extraordinary confrontation became an icon of the struggle for freedom around the world.
In 2012, FRONTLINE took a look back at how the iconic image of the “tank man” came to be, more than twenty years after the massacre at Tiananmen Square.
Photo: A Chinese man stands alone to block a line of tanks heading east on Beijing’s Changan Blvd. in Tiananmen Square on June 5, 1989. (AP/Jeff Widener)
April 21, 1967, 6:30 pm. President Johnson receives updated information about the military coup in Greece. In this new memo, National Security Advisor Walt Rostow explains that rather than being involved in the coup, King Constantine had the new leadership forced upon him. There are initial rumors of a possible counter-coup, but over the next several days and weeks, the new regime establishes power in Greece.
Memo, Rostow to the President, 4/21/67, #118, “Greece, Volume 2,” Country File, NSF, Box 126, LBJ Library.
Superman Vs. Muhammad Ali, 1978
The Plot (via Herocomplex): Some nasty aliens called the Scrubb arrive on earth and threaten to invade unless the planet’s greatest champion will fight their massive, snarling gladiator, Hun’Ya. Superman steps forward as the obvious choice but then Ali cries foul — Superman is an alien himself and if Earth needs a champion, shouldn’t it be a human? Superman and Ali then fight for the right to go and since the Man of Steel is stripped of his powers during the bout, Ali wins. (via)
hand-colored prints taken around 1880 in Japan