Hyperinflation in Germany, 1923. Banknotes had become so worthless that they were being used as wallpaper.
Happy Birthday Rear Admiral Grace Hopper, computer science pioneer who developed the first compiler and was instrumental in the development of modern programming languages.
Born Claudia Alta Taylor and nicknamed Lady Bird as a baby, Lady Bird Johnson arrived in Washington as a bride 1934, 30 years before she became First Lady. She largely financed her husband’s first run for office in 1937, loving the campaign life. Despite her husband’s upward political career during those years, she never expected to live in the White House, so she felt “suddenly on stage for a part [she] never rehearsed.” Once there, though, she took little time to champion causes important to her. She championed the environmental movement, promoting “beautification” campaigns to instill people with respect for their surroundings. She also served as Honorary Chairman for Headstart, the education program for preschool children. She fashioned a new model for First Lady, engineering her own ways to help her husband. She distanced herself from her predecessors but found parallels to them in that they all tried to provide a setting in which Presidents could do a good job. But she went much farther, writing “from then on, it’s just whatever makes your heart sing. What do you know about? What do you care about? What can you do to make this a better administration?”
Facts and quotations from First Ladies: From Martha Washington to Michelle Obama by Betty Boyd Caroli. C-SPAN is exploring the influence of First Ladies in its series.
Image credit: Lady Bird Johnson working in her White House office, June 1964. Courtesy of the Lyndon B. Johnson Presidential Library.
Happy Birthday to Mickey Mouse!
Soon after his debut in Steamboat Willie on November 18, 1928, Mickey Mouse and his creator, Walt Disney, were in court. This exhibit can be found in the infringement of trademark case, Walt Disney v. Pathe Exchange, etal, filed by Disney’s lawyers on March 30, 1931. The Walt Disney company won this case (and many others).
We love this document because Mickey and Minnie can stay so positive, even as their fate is being litigated!
From the holdings of the National Archives at Riverside, Records of District Courts of the United States (RG 21).
The “Wanted For Treason” Flyer Distributed in Dallas Before JFK’s Visit
This flyer, around 5,000 copies of which were distributed around Dallas in the days before President Kennedy’s November 22, 1963 visit, accused Kennedy of a range of offenses, from being “lax” on Communism, to “appointing anti-Christians to Federal office,” to lying to the American people about his personal life.
General Edwin A. Walker, a Texan who served in World War II and the Korean War, had resigned his Army post in 1961 after a Kennedy-ordered investigation found that he had violated the Hatch Act, which prohibits federal employees from engaging in political activity on the job, by distributing John Birch Society literature to his troops. Walker moved to Dallas and became a leader of right-wing activity in the city (more on the full range of that activity here). The ex-General led resistance to James Meredith’s 1962 enrollment at the University of Mississippi and unsuccessfully ran for the position of Texas governor.
After the assassination, Walker’s organization was briefly under suspicion, and the Warren Commission investigation tracked these flyers to Walker’s aide Robert Surrey. Surrey had overseen the distribution of the sheets in the days prior to JFK’s arrival; members of Walker’s organization, acting on his behalf, placed them under windshield wipers and in newspaper racks.
Walker’s group was exonerated of involvement with the assassination, but the Warren Commission did turn up a bizarre coincidence. On April 10, 1963, Walker was sitting at his desk in his home study when a bullet fired from outside the house narrowly missed his head. According to Marina Oswald’s testimony, which the Commission found convincing, Lee Harvey Oswald had carefully planned and executed this attempted murder, months before his November assassination of the President. (The Warren Commission’s examination of that evidence is here.)
Jean Giraud (1938-2012) was a French artist who was, and is, famous under the pseudonym Moebius. He created fantasy comics in a wildly imaginative style, sort of like Hergé set free, the most famous of which are Arzach, The Airtight Garage and The Incal. My first contact was a series of trading cards published in 1993. I’ve been enamored and dazzled by his art ever since.
What writers were considered for the screenplay of “Gone With The Wind”? Learn more about the above list, which details suggested writers and their personal habits, including one writer who was characterized as the “world’s laziest man.”
sir your tie
it’s trying to escape
how did this guy become president of the united states and end up on the $500 bill, i mean really
To answer the posed question: Mark Hanna. McKinley was the first successful Empty Suit Republican.